Acetylcholine: neurotransmitter involved in memory formation

ADD/ADHD: these are commonly diagnosed behaviour disorders-problems with the prefrontal cortex-typical conditions are: can't sit still, disorganized, lack patience, always fidgety

Adolescent: the period of life from puberty to maturity. Today adolescence begins at the approximate age of 11

Adrenalin: hormone released under stress

Alpha brain waves: lower frequency brain waves, a stress free state of consciousness

Alzheimer’s Disease: progressive degenerative brain disease, no cure known at this time

Amygdala: small, almond shaped part of brain, the fear & emotional switch

Antioxidants: protect the brain against free radical damage

Aspartame: artificial sweetener, toxic to brain cells---new marketing name is 'Amino Sweet'

Axon: long fibers extending from brain cells carrying signals

Baroque music: most highly recommended music -- Bach, Vivaldi and Handel are the superstar composers

Beta brain waves: higher frequency brain waves produced from normal, daily activities

Brain cells: you were born with 100 billion brain cells called neurons

Brain-based learning: how the brain learns best naturally

Brain Gym: simple physical exercises to wake up the brain

Brain reserve: knowledge, information and trillions of connections, it generally decreases with age

Brain states: the condition of your mind and body at any given moment, learning begins in the correct brain states

Brain waves: electrical patterns created by neurons

Cerebellum: structure next to brain stem, balance, muscle coordination, it is linked to cognition

Cerebral cortex: outer most wrinkly part of the brain, has countless neurons

Cognition: the process of knowing and understanding

Concussions: brain damage, also called brain insults

Corpus collosum: the wall between right and left hemispheres, has millions of nerve fibers

Cortisol: hormone produced under stress, excess is harmful

Creativity: bringing about something new--the world we live in is inherently creative and so are all human beings

Cross overs: moving an arm or a leg across the midfield of the body to get both sides of the brain working

Dementia: an aging brain’s inability to cope with everyday routines

Dendrites: strand or branch like fibers connected to the neuron, receptors for axons, each cell has many dendrites

DHA: part of omega 3 essential fatty acid, very best brain fat

DHEA: youthful hormone produced by the adrenal glands

Dopamine: powerful neurotransmitter, all time feeling good chemical, the chemical of rewards

Downshift: the brain is under stress and the fight/flight mode is engaged


EPA: second part of omega 3 essential fatty acid - keeps mood stable

Excitotoxins: food additives that kill brain cells eg-msg, aspartame

Free Radicals: unstable molecules, destroy neurons

Frontal lobes: front of the brain’s executive center, higher order thinking skills, problem solving, planning, organization, etc

GABA: neurotransmitter, acts as an “off” switch

Glial: another type of brain cell, supports neurons

Hippocampus: involved in learning and memory

Hypothalamus: switch in the middle of the brain, regulates appetite, sleep, emotions

Inflammation: triggered in the brain by poor lifestyle choices, silent brain killer

Imagination: critical for children, teenagers and adults and far more essential for the brain than collecting knowledge

Learned Helplessness: is a state of inertia, apathy and a feeling of powerlessness

Learned Optimism: a positive brain state that promotes learning, health and well-being

Mind maps: simple, mental models making learning easier

Mitochondria: energy producing cells in neurons

Multi-switching: how activities are done in the brain

Multi-tasking: ability to do many things at once (machines)

Myelin: white fat that coats the axons, helps cells communicate

Neurogenesis: growing new brain cells

Neurons: name given to brain cells (typically we have billions) receives information from dendrites and sends messages along axons

Neurotransmitters: the brain’s chemical messengers

Occipital lobe: receives and processes visual information

Omega 3 sources: fish, flax, olive oil, eggs, walnuts, hemp hearts

Oxytocin: neurotransmitter, the bonding chemical

Parietal lobe: sensory and language functions

Plasticity: the brain’s neurons change constantly

Serotonin: neurotransmitter regulates mood, learning & sleep

Synapse: a space or junction area where neurotransmitters are released from one neuron to another

Sitting disease: a lifestyle with little movement or exercise

Teenagers: recent research states that adolescence begins at age 11

Temporal lobes: responsible for language, speech, hearing, memory & learning

Upshift: when the activity of the brain is in the prefrontal cortex